Sometimes, performance styles are associated with periods in history and hence, theatre history and Elizabethan theatre or Elizabethan drama is one of these examples.
When you cut either the intensity or the time shutter speed in half you have only to double the other to keep your meter happy, up and down the exposure scale, except at the far ends, where the law is not enforced. Reciprocity Law Failure mostly stills The lack of reciprocity at both extremes very long and very short exposures.
Red-eye The red-retina reflection seen in the center of the eyes when portraits are lit by a flash positioned too close to the lens axis. Specular surfaces will reflect it narrowly. Diffuse rough, irregular, or Matte surfaces Scatter it.
Glare and Bounce Light for further reflections. Aim these meters at the subject or scene or a Gray Card from the direction of the camera.
Reflections Out-of-control reflections can hurt your image; controlled ones can enrich it. Keep the subject in full sun, the reflecting surface, such as water, in shade. Reflections on water are most pronounced when the lens is at a low angle.
Most mirrors add a greenish cast to the image. Normal mirrors add a "ghost reflection" to the main reflection; use a first surface mirror for critical images.
Reflections unwanted color Avoid large brightly lit areas that will reflect their color onto the subject unless the effect is desired and Motivated. Reflectors inside Lights Variously shaped "bowls" Parabolic, ellipsoidal, spherical, etc.
Reflectors to redirect light Flat devices, mostly white, silver, or gold, that redirect the sun's and other source's rays. Lighting with reflectors is like lighting with lights - except no cables.
Just cloud and wind worries. Refraction The directional shift or "bending" of light rays as they leave one density medium and enter a different one.
Or why your legs are short in water when viewed from the air. Rembrandt Lighting The dramatic emphasis of a few planes or features of the subject by using Accent Lights or shadowing devices that keep the rest of the scene very dark. Rigging Positioning lights without stands, often from overhead Grids.
Rigs Improvised or official assemblies that support lights, backgrounds, and paraphernalia of all persuasions. Rim Light, Rimmer Subjects appear to have seen the light, then turned their back on it.
The source looks down the barrel of your lens when the subject moves; sometimes several sources are aimed at the subject from wherever they can be hidden, more or less behind the subject. Ring Flash The ring-around-the-lens electronic flash that provides an image without shadows or Modeling - if that's what you want.
A light saver with deeply recessed subjects. Riser A pole that can be added to the top of a substantial stand to extend its height. RLM see Reflected Light Meter Rules The cumulative craft wisdom that beginners need to learn so they can anticipate the consequences of breaking them when appropriate.
Not the same as Formulas. Lighting is really common sense and personal observation. This is applied to a few rules of photography which cannot be broken and to others which I tend to bend a little. Don't take chances with your epidermis, or anyone else's. Sandbag A weight used to stabilize unstable Stands, Rigs, and much else.
Saturation The degree of intensity of a Hue. Also, the result of hanging a hot light under an automatic sprinkler head. Beware of automatic sprinklers. Scoop A large, semi-soft studio unit used for general set Illumination.
Scouting Searching for a Location. Also, checking one out prior to shooting to determine equipment, noise, electrical and lighting needs, and problems. Saving money by not scouting can be expensive; and finding someone who is knowledgeable and reliable and who lives near the location can be challenging.
Three rules apply to filming on-location: But thanks to the mystery and magic of show biz, other devices that do diffuse are sometimes called scrims, especially in the world of theater.
If you can see a clear image through the material, there's no Diffusion and no confusion.Look at values (and voting patterns) vs. population density.
The cities are always the worst, and this goes back to Babel. God is sovereign over all, and the end of the Book has the proper conclusion. Superb drama about a power struggle within a large company with a bravura performance by Begley as an executive being forced out.
Oct 13, · Born in the golden age of Hollywood, All the Stars in the Heavens captures the luster, drama, power, Born in the golden age of Hollywood, All the Stars in the Heavens captures the luster, drama, power, and secrets that could only thrive in the studio system—viewed through the lives of an unforgettable cast of players creating magic on the screen and behind the scenes/5.
CHAPTER-BY-CHAPTER ANSWER KEY 8. b The proletariat is the large group of workers who are exploited by the small group of capitalists who own the means of production, according to Karl Marx. (11) 9. a Durkheim believed that social factors, patterns of behavior that characterize a social group, explain many types of behavior, .
(used relatively in restrictive clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged goods constituted part of that which was sold at the auction.
(used after a preposition to represent a specified antecedent): the horse on which I rode. (used relatively to represent a specified or implied antecedent) the one that; a particular one that: You may choose .
Jack Straw has raised the stakes in the battle to be Labour's next deputy leader by billing himself as the man to stamp out spin and restore trust in politics. The Leader of the Commons will bill.