Page 4 of 4 Discussion Questions 1. What does Girl in Hyacinth Blue suggest about the value, both personal and monetary, and the function and purpose of art? Why would the author structure the novel in reverse chronology? What are the advantages or disadvantages of telling the story this way?
The didactic and moral value of the great religious, historical and mythological subjects made these the most important within the hierarchy of the genres, ranking above others such as landscapes and portraits.
It is difficult to over-emphasize the novelty of Dutch genre painting within this set of values: A large part of the later success which such paintings enjoyed derives precisely from this apparent lack of interest in the subject-matter, which led 19th-century critics to conceive of Dutch genre painting as preoccupied not with content but with the manner in which it was represented, an honest and materialist art, which understood painting as an end in itself and not as a mere vehicle for emphasizing values from other realms of human thought.
It has not just exaggerated the difference between the Dutch and other artistic traditions without bearing in mind that the Netherlands also saw the production of large numbers of mythological and history paintings, but also the fact that genre painting which mostly consisted of scenes of interiors involves a thematic content which reflects the moral values of the society which produced it and contributed to its dissemination.
The main themes of Dutch interior paintings are those of love and the virtues of domestic life, and these are the focus of the present exhibition. The theme of love appears in a wide variety of ways, from romantic scenes of lovers separated by distance to scenes in brothels or of sexual love treated with a frankness that is also found in Dutch literature of the period.
In Van Mieris' painting Tavern Scene see right, a. Other scenes of elegant interiors that show women dressing and adorning themselves, and seemingly offering themselves to the spectator, should probably be understood in the same way.
The theme of seduction does not necessarily imply a financial transaction, but a sexual relationship is certainly often implicit. In many of these paintings we see wine and musical instruments. In fact, alcohol is present in such quantities in scenes of seduction that it seems to have been normally associated with the subject of love.
The relationship of music and love had long existed in art, for example in Titian's paintings of Venus with an organist Museo del Pradoand the use of musical harmony as a metaphor for harmony between two people united by love was a common one.
Paintings such as Atta Wrum Probant by Jan Steen use this metaphor to explain relationship between the figures that invites the spectator to unite with her in an amorous relationship.
Vermeer produced some of the most refined versions of this type of subject, for example, the Music Lesson see right b.
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Here the couple who are the subject of the painting are undoubtedly involved in an amorous relationship, as suggested by the presence of the jug of wine on the table, the viol bow on the ground waiting for someone to pick it up and join the woman in a musical duet, and the gaze which the young woman directs towards the man.
In the painting ,a Lady Standing at the Virginals by the same artist, the presence of a young woman in front of this instrument again suggests that the scene involves the subject of love, as confirmed by a painting of Cupid hanging on the far wall.
The practice of writing letters was very common in 17th-century Holland, one of the countries with the highest levels literacy of all Europe. Vermeer, Metsu see right c. These paintings are astonishing in their ability to place us in the space occupied by their protagonists.
We feel like intruders watching a young man as he expresses his most intimate emotions to his beloved through a letter, or we share the anguish produced by the absence of a loved one. Another subject related to love which often appears in Dutch genre painting is the one known as the "doctor's visit".
The figure of the false doctor was used in painting and literature of the time as a symbol of duplicity. Painters such as Steen--who produced more than forty works on this subject--Metsu see right e. These are paintings that depict the doctor as an elderly and formally dressed man who attempts to discover what ails the young woman who is posed in a melancholy attitude and whose only sickness is love, possibly of a type that has led her to become pregnant.
While the appeal of paintings that deal with the subject of love lies in their powers of evocation or in the humorous situations which they gives rise to, the main merit of another of the most frequently represented subjects within the genre of interior painting, that the virtues of domestic life, lies in the force of its moral conviction.
These are simple scenes which reflect the importance of the family in contemporary society and the cult of virtues of the domestic life.
Pieter de Hooch and Nicolaes Maes most frequently depicted this type of subject, also painted by Ter Borch and Vermeer among numerous others. In paintings of themes of love, celebrations or some of the professions the aim of the image was admonitory.
In domestic scenes, by contrast, the intention was almost always exemplary; these were representations of virtuous behavior which remind us that homes were not just physician places but also the centre of society's moral instruction.mathematics to a star key stage 4 gcse questions and answers series,the man who lost his language a case of aphasia by hale sheila paperback,ch 52 ap bio study guide answers,cisco unity voicemail user pdf book,girl in hyacinth blue by susan vreeland,trio cs a.
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In Munich Jawlensky began his lasting experimentation in the combination of colour, line, and form to express his innermost self (e.g.
Hyacinth, c. ; Munich, Lenbachhaus). Dark Blue Turban (Helene with Dark Blue Turban). A/N: Hello Everyone! Again, sorry for the wait. It's been quite a while, and I apologize sincerely- school has started for me, and I've been very busy, but I've finally been able to complete the chapter and post it!