Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. Many of the references you use will come from published sources.
By providing publication information about the sources that helped you write your paper, the reference page both grants proper credit to other researchers and demonstrates your own scholarly diligence, thereby inducting you into the world of academia.
Of course, writing a thorough, properly formatted reference page also helps you earn a good grade. Write "References" at the top of the page, centered.
If you are following a specific formatting style, such as APA or MLA, then write this title in normal textuse the same font, size and format as the rest of the paper.
If your teacher hasn't required that you use a certain style, then you can bold the title or write it in slightly larger letters. Add an entry for each source used in your paper. This means any book, article, website, person, pamphlet, television broadcast, movie, picture or any other resource that you discussed or quoted or that provided information you included in your essay.
Additionally, as a general rule, only provide reference entries for sources that were specifically cited or mentioned in your paper. Provide thorough information about each source. Begin with the name of the reference's author. Also includeat minimumthe source's title, date of publication and publisher.
If the source is published in a periodical, write the volume and issue numbers as well as the name of the magazine or journal. If the source is published online, you may want to provide the URL. If the source is a book, specify where the publisher is located.
Left-align the entries, beginning flush left. If an entry takes up more than one line, standard procedure involves indenting the subsequent lines, usually about half an inch. If your reference list is double-spaced, then don't add an extra line between entries; if it is single-spaced, however, then you can add one line of blank space after each entry.
Whatever type of format you choose, follow it consistently throughout your reference list. Alphabetize the list according to the author's names. For an author who is a person, the entry should begin with the last name i.
If there are multiple authors for one source, alphabetize the entry according to the first author's last name. For organizational authors, alphabetize according to the first letter of the organization's title.
Most word processing programs have an automatic alphabetizing feature, which can save time and effort and help prevent mistakes. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper.
It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in . Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper; Genre and the Research Paper; Choosing a Topic; Reference Sheets; Writing the Curriculum Vitae; Sample Résumés.
Sample Résumés; Skills Résumé Sample; Style, Genre & Writing; Reference & Citation in Writing;. A research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form. Oral research reports are also useful, but this course does not cover them.
In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e.g., IB2a or IIC, etc. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.g.
IA, IB, IC. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e.g. cut first Introduction paragraph and . APA STYLE – RESEARCH PAPER FORMAT Insert page numbers in the upper right corner.
Flushed left, the words. Create a list of references, one for each item cited in the paper, in a section called "References". This section goes at the end of your paper. The references are to be alphabetized by the fist author's last name, or (if no author is listed) the organization or title.