This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract This meta-analysis of published and unpublished manuscripts was conducted to determine whether the association between parenting and delinquency exists and what the magnitude of this linkage is.
Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats.
Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors.
This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves.
These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy. Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them. Although children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior.
This rejections affects the child's ability to be socialized properly, which can reduce their aggressive tendencies, and often leads them to gravitate towards anti-social peer groups.
This often leads to an impulsive and aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior. For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized.
Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice. Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture. A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e.
Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton. He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society. Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means.
Merton believed that drug users are in this category. A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place.
More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation. Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public. Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.
It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them.
The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending. There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves.
However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending.
Furthermore there is the question of how the delinquent peer group became delinquent initially. Labeling[ edit ] Labeling theory is a concept within Criminology that aims to explain deviant behavior from the social context rather than looking at the individual themselves.family process variables and parenting styles on adolescent delinquency moderated by the effect of the child’s race/ethnicity and gender, and class of the family.
Based on. Juvenile Delinquency and Parenting Styles There are four different techniques to parent a child; authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. Juvenile delinquency has been found to be closely related to the type of parenting and support a child receives and is most critical in the earlier years of one’s adolescence.
Southern Illinois University Carbondale OpenSIUC Honors Theses University Honors Program The Relations Between Parenting Styles and Juvenile Delinquency. Juvenile crime often goes undetected in homes with the permissive and neglectful parenting styles because of the low control, demands, and communication.
The parent is often uninvolved and distant in the relationship with the child, if there is any at all. Mar 05, · Thus, given the small number of previous studies on parenting styles and delinquency, definite conclusions on whether parenting styles have stronger links to delinquency than parenting dimensions or which parenting style has the strongest link to delinquency cannot be drawn.
Sep 05, · Parenting styles were differentially linked to delinquency with neglectful parenting linked to moderate desisting and serious persisting and desisting trajectories and authoritarian parenting linked to serious persistent delinquency. Parenting style has been extensively analyzed as a contributor to juvenile delinquency in the criminological literature but no r, esearch to date has assessed the prevalence of parenting style changes during adolescence or the influ-. parenting styles and delinquency had been sought in the present study. Parenting styles are combinations of attitudes and behaviours of parents toward their child, create a context or a climate for the parent’s behaviour, and is displayed across many.
Sep 05, · Parenting styles were differentially linked to delinquency with neglectful parenting linked to moderate desisting and serious persisting and desisting trajectories and authoritarian parenting linked to serious persistent delinquency.