Treatment of Juvenile Delinquency Essay 1. Introduction to Juvenile Delinquency: Delinquency has always been considered as a social problem over and above the fact that it is a legal problem. It is also a psychological problem.
Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society. Although the results of criminal offences are the same, some would argue that the problem is much more complicated and demands more consideration that adult criminals.
That is, the nature and circumstances of juvenile delinquency raise into discussion several main inherent moral and ethical dilemmas: First, since children and adolescences are much more responsive to environmental pressure, one should carefully consider the motives of a young criminal.
Juveniles essay example, a child who cannot afford a status symbol e. The same holds true for other types of criminal offence such as drug abuse and violence. Second, minors are typically less experienced; therefore, their perception about good and bad differ from adults, and they are much more sensitive to manipulations.
It is thus a sound assumption that many of the young prisoners are growing up into a life of crime. All those factors and others imply that the juvenile justice system should be coherently different from the adult criminal justice system.
The rationale for behind giving special handling with young offenders is the idea of parens patriae the state as parent. This doctrine suggests that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and nurture children when their parents fail to do so.
Therefore, when a minor commits a crime, he should receive a treatment rather than a punishment, and the legislator must make sure that the justice system considers the well—being of the specific offender more deeply than the seriousness of the offence.
The first juvenile court was established in Chicago in Until then, minors above seven years of age were brought to trial in a regular criminal court, although many countries have already operated designated prisons for juvenile offenders.
Throughout the following 50 years, the courts have evolved to a significantly different form from the rest of the system.
Most importantly was the multidimensional approach towards the child, tailoring rehabilitation programs which best fit his specific situation. In some cases, however, young offenders were tried in criminal courts, as some still happens today.
However, this approach did not prove itself as an effective solution for the rising crime rates among youth.
As a result, the contemporary juvenile justice system is similar in many ways to criminal courts. Further changes in legislation defined a strict line towards young offenders. This approach involved, among others, reduced confidentiality for trial hearings which characterized the traditional juvenile justice system and contextual-based referral for criminal courts and adult correctional sanctioning in sharp contrast to the Act.
That is, age alone is no longer the only parameter for the type of court and the subsequent procedures and punishment methods. These changes and others, which took place during the s, have positively affected the number of crimes committed by youth and reduced the number of juvenile murderers.
Nonetheless, despite the positive results of the punitive policies during the last decade, other findings may imply that this line may worsen the situation in the long run. Most of the criticism refers to the tendency to handle juvenile cases in the adult criminal justice and lockup systems, which may lead to increased criminal activities rather than reducing it.
Nevertheless, we should rethink and adjust the policies in reference to empirical evidence, in order to achieve the highest effectiveness of preventing juvenile offenders to lifetime criminals.
The Legacy of Punitive Policy.People Serving Juvenile Life Without Parole Sentences Twenty states and the District of Columbia do not have any prisoners serving life without parole for crimes committed as juveniles, either due to laws prohibiting the sentence or because there are no individuals serving the sentence at this time.
Juveniles Essay Juveniles entering in the criminal justice system can bring a number of serious problems with them. The problems include substance abuse, academic failure, emotional disturbances, physical health, family problems, and a history of physical or sexual abuse.
Nov 16, · Words: Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: juvenile offender case you selected from news reports in your own community.
Synthesize how your state's (or locale's) juvenile laws and codes would apply to your selected case. Be specific and cite your state's (or locale's) relevant laws and codes. Feb 29, · Juvenile Crime Paper Malina Wiese CJS/ December 9, Juvenile Crime Paper Juvenile Court is a tribunal having special authority to try and pass judgments for crimes committed by children or adolescents who have not attained the age of maturity, generally defined as persons under the age of 18 and above the age of Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society.
Although the results of criminal offences are the same, some would argue that the problem is much more complicated and demands more consideration that adult criminals. Should Juvenile Offenders Be Tried As Adults Criminology Essay. Print Reference this. A common phrase that is often used in this case of young juveniles committing crimes is “Old enough to do the crime, old enough to do the time.” If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK.