The little work, as is well known, was not compiled for publication by the master himself. When the course fell to Kant he conformed, as was his wont, to the not unusual custom of taking a standard text-book on his theme—in this connection it was that of his colleague, Prof.
In most ITM documents, Chinese words are transliterated via the pinyin system that was widely adopted during the s.
Taoism was extensively discussed in English-language literature prior to the s, so that there is considerable transliteration already well-established based on the earlier Wade-Giles system. In this situation, the transliteration adopted for the current article is based on simplified Wade-Giles, leaving out the apostrophes that were used to develop more precision.
The term "Tao" is transliterated in pinyin as Dao, but Taoism, a term long used in the West, is not a Chinese word and shifting to Daoism is a questionable approach to dealing with transliteration.
The book of Taoism commonly known as the Tao Te Ching would be written in pinyin Dao De Jing, and this would be appropriate, except that few people will find one of its many English translations with the title spelled that way. Taoism was a highly influential philosophy that evolved about 2, years ago in China.
Its principle proponent was Lao Tsu Lao Tzu who was a contemporary of Confucius, the originator of another highly influential and differently-oriented philosophy. The essence of Taoism was preserved in the writings attributed to Lao Tsu called the Tao Te Ching, written in 81 short chapters, with a total of about 5, characters.
From this base, Taoism developed rich and varied manifestations in Chinese culture.
A subgroup of the Taoists pursued alchemy and medicine, and their work had a substantial impact on the development of herbal medicine. Taoism remains of interest to many people around the world today, even though its influence in China has waned considerably from its former level.
It has been said that there are more translations of the Tao Te Ching than any other book besides the Christian bible. The Tao Te Ching has many sayings that are inspirational, and many sayings that are mysterious difficult to understand. In this essay, I present what I perceive as the core teaching of Taoism by extracting certain lines from the Tao Te Ching as illustrations of the fundamentals.
I also propose to describe, in less prosaic terms than in the original text, the basic concept of Taoism. The Core Teaching Perhaps the most frequently portrayed aspect of Taoism is the image of the unobstructed flow of life. In the Tao Te Ching chapter 48 it is said: That the flow of water has great potential, as one can see by the deep gorges in solid rock carved by a stream, is also mentioned chapter Harmony with nature requires yielding, but it results in great things.
The Tao, often translated as the Way capitalized because it is beyond ordinary descriptionmight be called the "yielding way;" Te is usually translated as power; the book title Tao Te Ching means, roughly, the classic about the power of the yielding way.
Despite the common reference to this aspect of Taoism, I think that this view of the teaching, when taken out of the larger context of the Tao Te Ching, is usually too difficult to put into practice because it is so abstract.
What does it mean to lead a life that flows like water and harmonizes with nature? In this article, I want to call attention to another aspect of the Taoist teaching that may prove more practical, because it answers the question in relation to how humans live: The underlying principle presented in the Tao Te Ching is that one should take care of things that are in need of doing, and then move on to the next thing that needs to be done, without any attachment to the accomplishment.
By avoiding any "attachment to the accomplishment" it is meant that one should not dwell in such things as taking credit for it, accumulating rewards including material things and poweror spending time with retelling it in order to get recognition.
Along these lines also, one should not bother doing things other than what needs to be done. For example, one should not spend time at efforts that are aimed specifically at collecting wealth, accumulating power, or gaining praise, or even bothering others by taking up their time with unnecessary things.
Moving from one moment to the next, taking care of what is necessary, and not straying from that, is the Way: Because one does not dwell upon accomplishments nor make efforts to gain things, the Tao Te Ching says repeatedly that in following the Tao, nothing is done.
One should understand, however, that this does not mean that one simply sits around, avoiding doing anything or that one skirts obvious responsibilities. In presenting the following portion of the Tao Te Ching, I am specifically turning attention away from another substantial portion of the text, one that attempts to depict the Tao as a fundamental aspect of nature that is difficult, actually impossible, to describe or to comprehend, except by living in the Tao.
Thus, I have bypassed statements such as this chapter 1: Listen, it cannot be heard-it is beyond sound. Grasp, it cannot be held-it is intangible. These three are indefinable; therefore they are joined in one," There are dozens of statements along these lines that attempt to lead one to a view of what the Tao is, by saying what it is not.
However, since the ultimate experience of Tao occurs when following the fundamental rules regarding how one deals with daily activities, I have opted to focus on those aspects of the text.
Doing and Moving On Here are some sample quotations that reflect this view.Going for Refuge. The Buddha's teaching can be thought of as a kind of building with its own distinct foundation, stories, stairs, and roof.
Like any other building the teaching also has a door, and in order to enter it we have to enter through this door.
Hi Mayo – it can be overwhelming to cultivate all the qualities at once. Your inclination to narrow it down to is a good one. I believe all 30 have their merits and you have the choose the one most impactful for achieving the goals you’ve set for yourself.
COMMUNIQUE #3 Haymarket Issue "I NEED ONLY MENTION in passing that there is a curious reappearance of the Catfish tradition in the popular Godzilla cycle of films which arose after the nuclear chaos unleashed upon Japan.
The history of Western ethics Ancient civilizations to the end of the 19th century The ancient Middle East and Asia. The first ethical precepts must have been passed down by word of mouth from parents and elders, but as societies learned to use the written word, they began to set down their ethical beliefs.
These records constitute the first historical evidence of the origins of ethics. To elaborate further the qualities of a good leader there are three theories of leadership and these are (a) trait theory (b) behavioral theory and (c) situation theory.
The first approach (trait theory) views leadership as a conglomeration of a set of personality traits. Aug 13, · Top 7 Characteristics and Qualities of a Good Teacher.
Updated on September 15, Syed Hunbbel Meer Or which characteristics and qualities should a good teacher possess?
So I came up with some qualities which I found most relevant for a person involved in a teaching job. he should be a gentle, kind, chivalrous, and benevolent person Reviews: